Civil Rights from the Civil War to World War II: Before the Civil Rights Movement

The sources here include Black Civil Rights from the Civil War to World War II and before the outbreak of the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s. They also include sources on Reconstruction, segregation and suppression.


Braden, Waldo W., and Harold Mixon. "Epideictic Speaking in the Post-Civil War South and the Southern Experience." Southern Communication Journal 54 (1988): 40-57.

Campbell, J. Louis. "John Hampden Chamberlayne and the Rhetoric of Southern Histories." Southern Communication Journal 58 (1992): 44-54.

Carcasson, Martin, and James Arnt Aune. "Klansman on the Court: Justice Hugo Black's 1937 Radio Address." Quarterly Journal of Speech 89 (2003): 154-170.

Carpenter, Ronald H. "On American History Textbooks and Integration in the South: Woodrow Wilson and the Rhetoric of 'Division and Reunion, 1829-1889'." Southern Speech Communication Journal 51 (1985): 1-23.

Cronin, Mary M. Mixing Protest and Accomodation: The Response of Oklahoma's Black Town Newspaper Editors to Race Relations, 1891-1918. American Journalism 19 (2002): 45- .

DeSantis, Alan D. "Selling the American Dream Myth to Black Southerners: The Chicago Defender and the Great Migration of 1915-1919." Western Journal of Communication 62 (1998): 474-511.

Durham, Frank D. "Anti-Communism, Race, and Structuration: Newspaper Coverage of the Labor and Desegregation Movements in the South, 1932-40 and 1953-61." Journalism & Communication Monographs 4 (2002): 48-107.

Fisher, W. L. (1966). The failure of compromise in 1860-1861: A rhetorical view. Speech Monographs, 33, 364-371.

Haskins, William A. "Rhetorical Vision of Equality: Analysis of the Rhetoric of the Southern Black Press during Reconstruction." Communication Quarterly 29 1981): 116-122.

King, Andrew A. "Booker T. Washington and the Myth of Heroic Materialism." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 323-327.

Lewis, William, and John Louis Lucaites. "Race Trials: The Rhetoric of Victimage in the Racial Consciousness of 1930s America." Argument in a Time of Change: Proceedings of the National Communication Association/American Forensic Association (Alta Conference on Argumentation), 1997. 269-274.

Logue, Cal M. "The Rhetorical Appeals of Whites to Blacks during Reconstruction." Communication Monographs 54 (1977): 241-251.

Logue, Cal M. "Rhetorical Ridicule of Reconstruction Blacks." Quarterly Journal of Speech 62 (1976): 400-409. Logue, Cal M., and Thurmon Garner.

Logue, Cal M. "Shifts in Rhetorical Status of Blacks after Freedom."Southern Communication Journal 54 (1988): 1-39.

McGee, Brian R. "Speaking about the Other: W. E. B. DuBois Responds to the Klan." Southern Communication Journal 63 (1998): 208-219.

McGee, Brian R. "Thomas Dixon's The Clansman: Radicals, Reactionaries, and the Anticipated Utopia." Southern Communication Journal 65 (2000:, 300-317.

Smith, Jonathan M., and Antonio de Velasco. “Martin Luther King Jr., W.E.B. Du Bois, and Attitudes Toward Change.” Journal of Contemporary Rhetoric 8, no. 3 (July 2018): 146–56.

Stucky, Mary. "Establishing the Rhetorical Presidency through Presidential Rhetoric: Theodore Roosevelt and the Brownsville Raid." Quarterly Journal of Speech 99/2 (2013): 287-309.

Ware, B. L., and Wil A. Linkugel. "The Rhetorical Persona: Marcus Garvey as Black Moses." Communication Monographs 49 (1982): 50-62.

Watts, Eric King. "African American Ethos and Hermeneutical Rhetoric: An Exploration of Alain Locke's The New Negro." Quarterly Journal of Speech 88 (2002): 19-32.

Watts, Eric King. "Cultivating a Black Public Voice: W. E. B. Du Bois and the 'Criteria of Negro Art'." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4 (2001): 181-201.

Wells, Susan. "Discursive Mobility and Double Consciousness in S. Weir Mitchell and W. E. B. Du Bois." Philosophy & Rhetoric 35 (2002): 120-137.

Wilson, Kirt H. "The Contested Space of Prudence in the 1874-1875 Civil Rights Debate." Quarterly Journal of Speech 84 (1998): 131-149.

Wilson, Kirt H. "The Racial Politics of Imitation in the Nineteenth Century." Quarterly Journal of Speech 89 (2003): 90-108.

Wilson, Kirt H. The Reconstruction Desegregation Debate: The Policies of Equality and the Rhetoric of Place, 1870-1875. East Lansing: Michigan State UP, 2002.

Wilson, Kirt H. "Toward a Discursive Theory of Racial Identity: The Souls of Black Folk as a Response to Nineteenth-Century Biological Determinism." Western Journal of Communication 63 (1999): 193-215.

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