Ideograph Theory and Criticism: Sources

Ideographic analysis was developed by Michael Calvin McGee. It continues to be used by his students and many others as a means to highlight ideological tropes in American Public Discourse.


Condit, Celeste Michelle. "The Critic as Empath: Moving Away From Totalizing Theory." Western Journal of Communication 57 (1993): 178-190.

Condit, Celeste Michelle. "Democracy and Civil Rights: The Universalizing Influence of Public Argumentation." Communication Monographs 54 (1987): 1-18.

Condit, Celeste Michelle. "Hegemony in a Mass-Mediated Society: Concordance about Reproductive Technologies." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 11 (1994): 205-230.

Condit, Celeste Michelle. "Rhetorical Criticism and Audiences: The Extremes of McGee and Leff." Western Journal of Speech Communication 54 (1990): 330-345.

Condit, Celeste Michelle, and J. Ann Selzer. "The Rhetoric of Objectivity in the Newspaper Coverage of a Murder Trial." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 2 (1985): 197-216.

Condit, Celeste Michelle, and John Louis Lucaites. Crafting Equalit: America's Anglo-African Word. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993.

Connelly, Eric. "State Secrets and Redaction: The Interaction Between Silence and Ideographs." Western Journal of Communication 76.3 (2012): 236-249.

Delgado, Fernando Pedro. "Chicano Movement Rhetoric: An Ideographic Interpretation." Communication Quarterly 43 (1995): 446-454.

Delgado, Fernando Pedro. "The Rhetoric of Fidel Castro: Ideographs in the Service of Revolutionaries." Howard Journal of Communications 10 (1999): 1-14.

Gaonkar, Dilip Parameshwar. "Object and Method in Rhetorical Criticism: From Wichelns to Leff and McGee." Western Journal of Speech Communication 54 (1990): 290-316.

Langford, Catherine L. "On Making <Person>s: Ideographs of Legal <Person> Hood." Argumentation & Advocacy 52.2 (2015): 125-140.

Lucaites, John Louis, and Celeste Michelle Condit. "Reconstructing <Equality>: Culturetypal and Counter-Cultural Rhetorics in the Martyred Black Vision." Communication Monographs 57 (1990): 5-24.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "Another Philippic: Notes on the Ideological Turn in Criticism." Central States Speech Journal 35 (1984): 43-50.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "The 'Ideograph': A Link Between Rhetoric and Ideology." Quarterly Journal of Speech 66 (1980): 1-16.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "In Search of 'The People': A Rhetorical Alternative." Quarterly Journal of Speech 61 (1975): 235-249.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "'Not Men, but Measures': The Origins and Import of an Ideological Principle." Quarterly Journal of Speech 64 (1978): 141-154.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "The Origins of 'Liberty': A Feminization of Power." Communication Monographs 47 (1980): 23-45.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "Secular Humanism: A Radical Reading of 'Culture Industry' Productions." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 1 (1984): 1-33.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "Social Movement as Meaning." Central States Speech Journal 34 (1983): 74-77.

McGee, Michael Calvin. "Text, Context, and the Fragmentation of Contemporary Culture." Western Journal of Speech Communication 54 (1990): 274-289.

McGee, Michael Calvin, and Martha Anne Martin. "Public Knowledge and Ideological Argumentation." Communication Monographs 50 (1983): 47-65.

Moore, Mark P. "The Cigarette As Representational Ideograph in the Debate Over Environmental Tobacco Smoke." Communication Monographs 64 (1997): 47-64.

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