Labor: Rhetorical Sources

This bibliography is comprehensive for articles on labor movement rhetoric especially in peer reviewed journals in communication and rhetoric.. It may also include books and articles of note on the history of the American labor movement.


Andrews, James R. "The Passionate Negation: The Chartist Movement in Rhetorical Perspective." Quarterly Journal of Speech 59 (1973): 196-208.

Berry, Elizabeth. "Emma Goldman: A Study in Female Agitation." Women's Studies in Communication 4 (1981): 32-46.

Brommel, Bernard J. "Eugene V. Debs: The Agitator as Speaker." Central States Speech Journal 20 (1969): 202-214.

Brommel, Bernard J. "The Pacifist Speech-Making of Eugene V. Debs." Quarterly Journal of Speech 52 (1966): 146-154.

Carter, David A. "The Industrial Workers of the World and the Rhetoric of Song." Quarterly Journal of Speech 66 (1980): 365-374.

Cloud, Dana L. "Null Persona: Race and the Rhetoric of Silence in the Uprising of '34." Rhetoric and Public Affairs 2 (1999): 177-209.

Cobb-Reiley, Linda. "Aliens and Alien Ideas: The Suppression of Anarchists and the Anarchist Press in America, 1901-1914." Journalism History 15 (1988): 50-59.

Cox, J. Robert. "The Rhetoric of Child-Labor Reform: An Efficacy-Utility Analysis." Quarterly Journal of Speech 60 (1974): 359-370.

Darsey, James. "The Legend of Eugene Debs: Prophetic ethos as Radical Argument." Quarterly Journal of Speech 74 (1988): 434-452.

DeGenaro, William. Who Says?: Working-Class Rhetoric, Class Consciousness, and Community. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2007.

Durham, Frank D. "Anti-Communism, Race, and Structuration: Newspaper Coverage of the Labor and Desegregation Movements in the South, 1932-40 and 1953-61." Journalism & Communication Monographs 4 (2002): 48-107.

Finnegan, Cara A. "“Liars May Photograph”: Image Vernaculars and Progressive Era Child Labor Rhetoric." Poroi 5, Iss. 2 (2008): 94-139.

Fletcher, Winona L. "Knight-Errant or Screaming Eagle? E.L. Godkin's Criticism of Wendell Phillips." Southern Journal of Speech Communication 29 (1964): 214-223.

Fuoss, Kirk W. "Performance as Contestation: An Agonistic Perspective on the Insurgent Assembly." Text & Performance Quarterly 13 (1993): 331-349.

Godfried, Nathan. "Identity, Power, and Local Television: African Americans, Organized Labor, and UHF-TV in Chicago, 1962-1968." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television 22 (2002): 117-134.

Greene, Ronald. “Rhetoric and Capitalism: Rhetorical Agency as Communicative Labor.” Philosophy & Rhetoric 37, no. 3 (January 1, 2004): 188–206.

Gregg, Nina. "Politics of Identity/Politics of Location: Women Workers Organizing in a Postmodern World." Women's Studies in Communication 16 (1993): 1- .

Hammerback, John C., and Richard J. Jensen. The Rhetorical Career of Cesar Chavez. College Station: Texas A&M UP, 1998.

Harrison, John M. "Finley Peter Dunne and the Progressive Movement." Journalism Quarterly 44 (1967): 475-481.

Hayworth, Daniel "Samuel Gompers, Orator." Quarterly Journal of Speech 22 (1936): 578-581.

Hill, Ian E. J. "Preaching dynamite: August Spies at the Haymarket trial." Communication & Critical/Cultural Studies 13, no. 4 (December 2016): 363-379.

Hong, Nathaniel. "Constructing the Anarchist Beast in American Periodical Literature, 1880-1903." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 9 (1992): 110-130.

Ilkka, R. J. "Rhetorical Dramatization in the Development of American Communism." Quarterly Journal of Speech 63 (1977): 413-427.

Jordan, John W. "Sabotage Or Performed Compliance: Rhetorics Of Resistance In Temp Worker Discourse." Quarterly Journal Of Speech 89.1 (2003): 19-40.

Keohane, Jennifer. "'Honest Toil': Labor, the Body, and Citizenship in the Knights of Labor, 1880–1890." RSQ: Rhetoric Society Quarterly 46.1 (2016): 66-88.

Lee, R., and J. Andrews. "A Story of Rhetorical-Ideological Transformation: Eugene V. Debs as Liberal Hero." Quarterly Journal of Speech 77 (1991): 20-37.

Lumsden, Linda L. "Anarchy Meets Feminism: A Gender Analysis of Emma Goldman's Mother Earth,1906-1915." American Journalism 24 (2007): 31-54.

Malinowski, Liane. “Engendering Progress, Contesting Narratives: Women’s Labor Rhetorics at the 1907 Chicago Industrial Exhibit.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly 50, no. 4 (August 7, 2020): 283–296.

Mattina, Anne F. "'Corporation Tools and Time-Serving Slaves': Class and Gender in the Rhetoric of Antebellum Labor Reform." Howard Journal of Communications 7 (1996): 151-168.

Mattina, Anne F. "'Rights as Well as Duties': The Rhetoric of Leonora O'Reilly." Communication Quarterly 42 (1994): 196-205.

McMillan, Gloria. "Keeping the Conversation Going: Jane Addams' Rhetorical Strategies in 'A Modern Lear'." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 32 (2002): 61-75.

Papa, Lee. "'We Gotta Make Up Our Minds': Waiting for Lefty, Workers' Theatre Performance and Audience Identification." Text & Performance Quarterly 19 (1999): 57-73.

Rich, Andrea L. and Smith, Arthur Lee. Rhetoric of Revolution: Samuel Adams, Emma Goldman, Malcolm X. Durham, NC: Moore Pub. Co., 1970.

Rothman, Richard M. "A Case Study in Critical-Historical Research: Effects of a Mythical Speech."[John L. Lewis] Speech Monographs 34 (1967): 95-97.

Rude, Leslie G. "The Rhetoric Of Farmer Labor Agitators." Central States Speech Journal 20.(1969): 280-285.

Ryan, Susan M. "'Rough Ways and Rough Work'": Jacob Riis, Social Reform, and the Rhetoric of Benevolent Violence." American Transcendental Quarterly 11 (1997): 191- .

Sevitch, Benjamin. "The Rhetoric of Paternalism: Elbert H. Gary's Arguments for the Twelve-hour Day." Western Speech 35/1 (1971): 15-23.

Sillars, Malcolm O. "The Rhetoric of the Petition in Boots." Speech Monographs 39 (1972): 92-104.

Silvestri, Vito N. "Emma Goldman, Enduring Voice of Anarchism." Communication Quarterly 17 (1969): 20-25.

Solomon, Martha. "Ideology as Rhetorical Constraint: The Anarchist Agitation of 'Red Emma' Goldman." Quarterly Journal of Speech 74 (1988): 184-200.

Steudeman, Michael J. "Indeterminacy, Incipiency, And Attitudes: Materialist Oscillation In The 2012 Chicago Teachers’ Strike." Quarterly Journal of Speech 101.3 (2015): 509-533.

Stewart, Charles J."The Internal Rhetoric of the Knights of Labor." Communication Studies 42 (1991): 67-82.

Szlezák, Klara. “New York May Day Parades and the Photographic Rhetoric of Early 20th-Century Labor Rights Activism.” European Journal of American Studies 13, no. 13-4 (March 7, 2019).

Tonn, Mari Boor. "'From the Eye to the Soul': Industrial Labor's Mary Harris 'Mother' Jones and the Rhetorics of Display." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 41/3 (2011): 231-249.

Tonn, Mari Boor. "Militant Motherhood: Labor's Mary Harris 'Mother' Jones." Quarterly Journal of Speech 82 (1996): 1-21.

Tonn, Mari Boor, and Mark S. Kuhn. "Co-constructed Oratory: Speaker-Audience Interaction in the Labor Union Oratory of Mary Harris 'Mother' Jones." Text and Performance Quarterly 13 (1993): 313-330.

Triece, Mary E. "Appealing to the 'Intelligent Worker': Rhetorical Reconstitution and the Influence of Firsthand Experience in the Rhetoric of Leonora O'Reilly." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 33/2 (2003): 5-24.

Triece, Mary E. Protest & Popular Culture: Women in the U.S. Labor Movement, 1894-1917. Boulder, CO: Westview P, 2001.

Velasco Mesa, Custodio. “Revolutionary Rhetoric and Labour Unrest: Liège in 1886 and Seville in 1901.” International review of social history 56, no. 2 (July 21, 2011): 235–266.

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