The Canon of Style and Levels of Style: General Sources

This bibliography has works on style in general, including levels of style, and anything about the canon of style that cannot be categorized under particular tropes and schemes.


Burke, Kenneth. "Appendix D: Four Master Tropes." A Grammar of Motives. Berkeley: U of California P, 1969. 503-517.

Carpenter, Ronald H. "On Allan Nevins, Grand Style in Discourse, and John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address: The Trajectory of Stylistic Confluence." Style 46, no. 1 (2012): 1-26. [].

Corbett, Edward P. J. and Robert J. Connors. Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. 4th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1999.

D’Angelo, Frank J. 1987. “Prolegomena to a Rhetoric of Tropes.” Rhetoric Review 6 (1): 32–40.

Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1957.

Harris, Randy. “Figural Logic in Gregor Mendel’s ‘Experiments on Plant Hybrids.’” Philosophy & Rhetoric 46, no. 4 (November 2013): 570–602.

Kozy Jr., John. “The Argumentative Use of Rhetorical Figures.” Philosophy & Rhetoric 3, no. 3 (Summer 1970): 141–51.

Lanham, Richard A. A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms. 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Pepper, Stephen C. World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence. Berkeley: U of California P, 1948.

Perks, Lisa Glebatis. “Sox and Stripes: Baseball’s Ironic American Dreams.” Communication Quarterly 60, no. 4 (September 2012): 445–64. doi:10.1080/01463373.2012.704571.

Tarán, Sonya L. "Aristotle, Rhetoric 3.2-7: An Analysis." Greek, vol. 15, no. 1, 2003, pp. 65-72.

Weaver, William P. "Triplex est Copia: Philip Melanchthon's Invention of the Rhetorical Figures." Rhetorica: A Journal of the History of Rhetoric, Vol. 29 No. 4, Autumn 2011; (pp. 367-402) DOI: 10.1525/RH.2011.29.4.367

Wettlaufer, Alexandra K. “From Metaphor to Metamorphosis: Visual/Verbal Wordplay and the Aesthetics of Modernity in Grandville’s Caricature.” Word & Image 29, no. 4 (October 2013): 456–86. doi:10.1080/02666286.2013.786279.

White, Hayden V. Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1973.

Winslow, Russell. "On Mimetic Style in Plato's Republic." Philosophy & Rhetoric 45/1 (2012): 46-64.

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