Visual Rhetoric: Sources

This bibliography aspires to be comprehensive in visual rhetoric in communication / rhetoric literature, and selective regarding literature on visual art of interest to rhetoricians.

Sources in Rhetorical Theory and Criticism

Atkinson, N. S (2011). Newsreels as domestic propaganda: Visual rhetoric at the dawn of the Cold War. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 14, 69–100.

Barbatsis, Gretchen S. "'Look, and I will show you something you will want to see': Pictorial Engagement in Negative Political Campaign Commercials." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 69-80.

Barney, Timothy. "Power Lines: The Rhetoric of Maps as Social Change in the Post-Cold War Landscape." Quarterly Journal of Speech 95/4 (2009): 412-434.

Barney, Timothy. “The Sight and Site of North Korea: Citizen Cartography’s Rhetoric of Resolution in the Satellite Imagery of Labor Camps.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 105, no. 1 (January 2, 2019): 1–24.

Best, Janice. "The Chronotope and the Generation of Meaning in Novels and Paintings." Criticism 36 (1994): 291- .

Birdsell, David S., and Leo Groarke. "Toward a Theory of Visual Argument." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 1-10.

Blair, J. Anthony. "The Possibility and Actuality of Visual Arguments." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 23-39.

Bostdorff, Denise M. "Making Light of James Watt: A Burkean Approach to the Form and Attitude of Political Cartoons. Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 43-59.

Brueggeman, Brenda Jo. "The Coming Out of Deaf Culture and American Sign Language: An Exploration into Visual Rhetoric and Literacy." Rhetoric Review 13 (1995): 409-420.

Cyphert, Dale. "Presentation Technology in the Age of Electronic Eloquence: From Visual Aid to Visual Rhetoric." Communication Education 56.2 (2007): 168-92.

Demo, Anne Teresa, and Bradford. Vivian. Rhetoric, Remembrance, and Visual Form : Sighting Memory. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Edwards, Janis L., and Carol K. Winkler. "Representative Form and the Visual Ideograph: The Iwo Jima Image in Editorial Cartoons." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 289-310.

Elsner, Jaś., and Michel Meyer. Art and Rhetoric in Roman Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Erickson, Keith V. "Presidential Rhetoric's Visual Turn: Performance Fragments and the Politics of Illusionism." Communication Monographs 67 (2000): 138-157.

Finnegan, Cara A. “‘Liars May Photograph’: Image Vernaculars and Progressive Era Child Labor Rhetoric.” Poroi 5, no. 2 (November 1, 2008): 94–139.

Finnegan, Cara A. "The Naturalistic Enthymeme and Visual Argument: Photographic Representation in the 'Skull Controversy'." Argumentation and Advocacy 37 (2001): 133-.

Fleming, David. "Can Pictures Be Arguments?" Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 11-22.

Foss, Sonia. "A Rhetorical Schema for the Evaluation of Visual Imagery." Communication Studies 45 (1994):

Gallagher, Victoria, and Kenneth S. Zagacki. "Visibility and Rhetoric: The Power of Visual Images in Norman Rockwell's Depictions of Civil Rights." Quarterly Journal of Speech 91/2 (2005): 175-200.

Groarke, Leo. "Logic, Art and Argument." Informal Logic 18 (1996): 105-129.

Groupe. Traite du signe visuel: pour une rhetorique de l'image. Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1992.

Hariman, Robert, and John Louis Lucaites. "Performing Civic Identity: The Iconic Photograph of the Flag Raising on Iwo Jima." Quarterly Journal of Speech 88 (2002): 363-392.

Hattenhauer, Darryl. "The Rhetoric of Architecture: A Semiotic Approach." Communication Quarterly 32 (1984): 71-77.

Hill, Charles A., and Helmers, Marguerite, eds. 2004. "Defining Visual Rhetorics." Mahwah: Taylor & Francis Group.

Holzer, Howard. Lincoln Seen and Heard. Lawrence: UP of Kansas, 2000.

Ingraham, Chris. "The Suddener World: Photography and Ineffable Rhetoric." Philosophy & Rhetoric 50, no. 2 (April 2017): 129-152.

Jenkins, Eric S. "The Modes of Visual Rhetoric: Circulating Memes as Expressions." Quarterly Journal of Speech 100/4 (2014): 442-466. []

Jordynn, Jack. "A Pedagogy of Sight: Microscopic Vision in Robert Hooke's Micrographia." Quarterly Journal of Speech 95/2 (2009): 192-209.

Kaplan, Stuart Jay. "Visual Metaphors in the Representation of Communication Technology." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 7 (1990): 37-47.

Katriel, Tamar. "Rhetoric in Flames: Fire Inscriptions in Israeli Youth Movement Ceremonials." Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 444-459.

Kimble, James K., and Lester C. Olson. "Visual Rhetoric Representing Rosie the Riveter: Myth and Misconception in J. Howard Miller's 'We Can Do It!' Poster." Philosophy & Rhetoric 9/4 (2006): 533-570.

Kjeldsen, Jens. “The Rhetoric of Thick Representation: How Pictures Render the Importance and Strength of an Argument Salient.” Argumentation 29 (2015): 197-215.

Lancioni, Judith. "The Rhetoric of the Frame: Revisioning Archival Photographs in The Civil War." Western Journal of Communication 60 (1996): 397-414.

LaWare, Margaret R. "Encountering Visions of Aztlan: Arguments for Ethnic Pride, Community Activisim and Cultural Revitalization in Chicano Murals." Argumentation & Advocacy 34 (1998): 140-153.

Lucaites, John Louis. "Visualizing "The People": Individualism vs. Collectivism in Let Us Now Praise Famous Men." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 269-288.

Marshall, David L. "Warburgian Maxims for Visual Rhetoric." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 48(2018): 352-379. [].

Medhurst, Martin J., and Michael A. DeSousa. "Political Cartoons as Rhetorical Form: A Taxonomy of Graphic Discourse." Communication Monographs 48 (1981): 197-236.

Messaris, Paul. "What's Visual about "Visual Rhetoric"?" The Quarterly Journal of Speech 95.2 (2009): 210.

Moriarty, Sandra E. "Abduction: A Theory of Visual Interpretation." Communication Theory 6 (1996): 167-187.

Olson, Lester C. "Benjamin Franklin's Commemorative Medal, Libertas Americana: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology." Quarterly Journal of Speech 76 (1990): 23-45.

—-. "Benjamin Franklin's Pictorial Representations of the British Colonies in America: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology." Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 18-42.

Palczewski, Catherine H. "The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Arguments, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards." Quarterly Journal of Speech 91/4 (2005): 365-394.

Shelley, Cameron. "Rhetorical and Demonstrative Modes of Visual Argument: Looking at Images of Human Evolution." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 53-68.

Stormer, Nathan. "Embodying Normal Miracles." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 172-191.

Szlezák, Klara. “New York May Day Parades and the Photographic Rhetoric of Early 20th-Century Labor Rights Activism.” European Journal of American Studies 13, no. 13-4 (March 7, 2019).

Twigg, Reginald. "The Performative Dimension of Surveillance: Jacob Riis' How the Other Half Lives." Text and Performance Quarterly 12 (1992): 305-328.

Vats, Anjali, and LeiLani Nishime. "Containment as Neocolonial Visual Rhetoric: Fashion, Yellowfae, and Karl Lagerfeld's 'Idea of China'." Quarterly Journal of Speech 99/4 (2013): 423-447.

Vivian, Bradford. "The Veil and the Visible." Western Journal of Communication 63 (1999): 115-139.

Wettlaufer, AlexandraK. “From Metaphor to Metamorphosis: Visual/Verbal Wordplay and the Aesthetics of Modernity in Grandville’s Caricature.” Word & Image 29, no. 4 (October 2013): 456–86. doi:10.1080/02666286.2013.786279.

Zagacki, Kenneth S., and Victoria J. Gallagher. "Rhetoric and Materiality in the Museum Park at the North Carolina Museum of Art." Quarterly Journal of Speech 95/2 (2009): 171-191.

Sources in Art Theory, History, Criticism with Rhetorical Interest

Arnheim, Randolf. The Power of the Center. Los Angeles: U of California P, 1988.

Barthes, Roland. Image, Music, Text. London: Fontana, 1977.

Baxandall, Michael. Giotto and the Orators: Humanist Observers of Painting in Italy and the Discovery of Pictorial Composition, 1350-1450. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1971.

Benjanmin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." Illuminations. New York: Schocken, 1969. 217-252.

Berkhofer, Robert F. The White Man's Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbusto the Present. New York: Knopf, 1978.

Dabydeen, David. Hogarth's Blacks: Images of Blacks in Eighteenth Century Art. Manchester: U of Manchester P, 1987.

Gombrich, E. H. Art and Illusion. Washington: Trustees of the National Gallery of Art, 1960.

—-. The Image and the Eye. Ithaca: Cornell UP / Phaidon, 1982.

Langer, Suzanne K. Feeling and Form. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.

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