Visual Rhetoric: Sources

This bibliography aspires to be comprehensive in visual rhetoric in communication / rhetoric literature, and selective regarding literature on visual art of interest to rhetoricians.

Sources in Rhetorical Theory and Criticism

Atkinson, N. S (2011). Newsreels as domestic propaganda: Visual rhetoric at the dawn of the Cold War. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 14, 69–100.

Barbatsis, Gretchen S. "'Look, and I will show you something you will want to see': Pictorial Engagement in Negative Political Campaign Commercials." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 69-80.

Barney, Timothy. "Power Lines: The Rhetoric of Maps as Social Change in the Post-Cold War Landscape." Quarterly Journal of Speech 95/4 (2009): 412-434.

Barney, Timothy. “The Sight and Site of North Korea: Citizen Cartography’s Rhetoric of Resolution in the Satellite Imagery of Labor Camps.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 105, no. 1 (January 2, 2019): 1–24.

Best, Janice. "The Chronotope and the Generation of Meaning in Novels and Paintings." Criticism 36 (1994): 291- .

Birdsell, David S., and Leo Groarke. "Toward a Theory of Visual Argument." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 1-10.

Blair, J. Anthony. "The Possibility and Actuality of Visual Arguments." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 23-39.

Bostdorff, Denise M. "Making Light of James Watt: A Burkean Approach to the Form and Attitude of Political Cartoons. Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 43-59.

Brueggeman, Brenda Jo. "The Coming Out of Deaf Culture and American Sign Language: An Exploration into Visual Rhetoric and Literacy." Rhetoric Review 13 (1995): 409-420.

Cyphert, Dale. "Presentation Technology in the Age of Electronic Eloquence: From Visual Aid to Visual Rhetoric." Communication Education 56.2 (2007): 168-92.

Demo, Anne Teresa, and Bradford. Vivian. Rhetoric, Remembrance, and Visual Form : Sighting Memory. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Edwards, Janis L., and Carol K. Winkler. "Representative Form and the Visual Ideograph: The Iwo Jima Image in Editorial Cartoons." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 289-310.

Elsner, Jaś., and Michel Meyer. Art and Rhetoric in Roman Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Erickson, Keith V. "Presidential Rhetoric's Visual Turn: Performance Fragments and the Politics of Illusionism." Communication Monographs 67 (2000): 138-157.

Finnegan, Cara A. “‘Liars May Photograph’: Image Vernaculars and Progressive Era Child Labor Rhetoric.” Poroi 5, no. 2 (November 1, 2008): 94–139.

Finnegan, Cara A. "The Naturalistic Enthymeme and Visual Argument: Photographic Representation in the 'Skull Controversy'." Argumentation and Advocacy 37 (2001): 133-.

Fleming, David. "Can Pictures Be Arguments?" Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 11-22.

Foss, Sonia. "A Rhetorical Schema for the Evaluation of Visual Imagery." Communication Studies 45 (1994):

Gallagher, Victoria, and Kenneth S. Zagacki. "Visibility and Rhetoric: The Power of Visual Images in Norman Rockwell's Depictions of Civil Rights." Quarterly Journal of Speech 91/2 (2005): 175-200.

Groarke, Leo. "Logic, Art and Argument." Informal Logic 18 (1996): 105-129.

Groupe. Traite du signe visuel: pour une rhetorique de l'image. Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1992.

Hariman, Robert, and John Louis Lucaites. "Performing Civic Identity: The Iconic Photograph of the Flag Raising on Iwo Jima." Quarterly Journal of Speech 88 (2002): 363-392.

Hattenhauer, Darryl. "The Rhetoric of Architecture: A Semiotic Approach." Communication Quarterly 32 (1984): 71-77.

Hill, Charles A., and Helmers, Marguerite, eds. 2004. "Defining Visual Rhetorics." Mahwah: Taylor & Francis Group.

Hocks, Mary E. “Understanding Visual Rhetoric in Digital Writing Environments.” College Composition and Communication, vol. 54, no. 4, 2003, pp. 629–56. JSTOR, Accessed 10 Dec. 2022.

Holzer, Howard. Lincoln Seen and Heard. Lawrence: UP of Kansas, 2000.

Ingraham, Chris. "The Suddener World: Photography and Ineffable Rhetoric." Philosophy & Rhetoric 50, no. 2 (April 2017): 129-152.

Jenkins, Eric S. "The Modes of Visual Rhetoric: Circulating Memes as Expressions." Quarterly Journal of Speech 100/4 (2014): 442-466. []

Jordynn, Jack. "A Pedagogy of Sight: Microscopic Vision in Robert Hooke's Micrographia." Quarterly Journal of Speech 95/2 (2009): 192-209.

Kaplan, Stuart Jay. "Visual Metaphors in the Representation of Communication Technology." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 7 (1990): 37-47.

Katriel, Tamar. "Rhetoric in Flames: Fire Inscriptions in Israeli Youth Movement Ceremonials." Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 444-459.

Kimble, James K., and Lester C. Olson. "Visual Rhetoric Representing Rosie the Riveter: Myth and Misconception in J. Howard Miller's 'We Can Do It!' Poster." Philosophy & Rhetoric 9/4 (2006): 533-570.

Kjeldsen, Jens. “The Rhetoric of Thick Representation: How Pictures Render the Importance and Strength of an Argument Salient.” Argumentation 29 (2015): 197-215.

Lancioni, Judith. "The Rhetoric of the Frame: Revisioning Archival Photographs in The Civil War." Western Journal of Communication 60 (1996): 397-414.

LaWare, Margaret R. "Encountering Visions of Aztlan: Arguments for Ethnic Pride, Community Activisim and Cultural Revitalization in Chicano Murals." Argumentation & Advocacy 34 (1998): 140-153.

Lucaites, John Louis. "Visualizing "The People": Individualism vs. Collectivism in Let Us Now Praise Famous Men." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 269-288.

Marshall, David L. "Warburgian Maxims for Visual Rhetoric." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 48(2018): 352-379. [].

Medhurst, Martin J., and Michael A. DeSousa. "Political Cartoons as Rhetorical Form: A Taxonomy of Graphic Discourse." Communication Monographs 48 (1981): 197-236.

Messaris, Paul. "What's Visual about "Visual Rhetoric"?" The Quarterly Journal of Speech 95.2 (2009): 210.

Moriarty, Sandra E. "Abduction: A Theory of Visual Interpretation." Communication Theory 6 (1996): 167-187.

Olson, Lester C. "Benjamin Franklin's Commemorative Medal, Libertas Americana: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology." Quarterly Journal of Speech 76 (1990): 23-45.

—-. "Benjamin Franklin's Pictorial Representations of the British Colonies in America: A Study in Rhetorical Iconology." Quarterly Journal of Speech 73 (1987): 18-42.

Palczewski, Catherine H. "The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Arguments, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards." Quarterly Journal of Speech 91/4 (2005): 365-394.

Shelley, Cameron. "Rhetorical and Demonstrative Modes of Visual Argument: Looking at Images of Human Evolution." Argumentation and Advocacy 33 (1996): 53-68.

Stormer, Nathan. "Embodying Normal Miracles." Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 172-191.

Szlezák, Klara. “New York May Day Parades and the Photographic Rhetoric of Early 20th-Century Labor Rights Activism.” European Journal of American Studies 13, no. 13-4 (March 7, 2019).

Twigg, Reginald. "The Performative Dimension of Surveillance: Jacob Riis' How the Other Half Lives." Text and Performance Quarterly 12 (1992): 305-328.

Vats, Anjali, and LeiLani Nishime. "Containment as Neocolonial Visual Rhetoric: Fashion, Yellowfae, and Karl Lagerfeld's 'Idea of China'." Quarterly Journal of Speech 99/4 (2013): 423-447.

Vivian, Bradford. "The Veil and the Visible." Western Journal of Communication 63 (1999): 115-139.

Wettlaufer, AlexandraK. “From Metaphor to Metamorphosis: Visual/Verbal Wordplay and the Aesthetics of Modernity in Grandville’s Caricature.” Word & Image 29, no. 4 (October 2013): 456–86. doi:10.1080/02666286.2013.786279.

Zagacki, Kenneth S., and Victoria J. Gallagher. "Rhetoric and Materiality in the Museum Park at the North Carolina Museum of Art." Quarterly Journal of Speech 95/2 (2009): 171-191.

Sources in Art Theory, History, Criticism with Rhetorical Interest

Arnheim, Randolf. The Power of the Center. Los Angeles: U of California P, 1988.

Barthes, Roland. Image, Music, Text. London: Fontana, 1977.

Baxandall, Michael. Giotto and the Orators: Humanist Observers of Painting in Italy and the Discovery of Pictorial Composition, 1350-1450. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1971.

Benjanmin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." Illuminations. New York: Schocken, 1969. 217-252.

Berkhofer, Robert F. The White Man's Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbusto the Present. New York: Knopf, 1978.

Dabydeen, David. Hogarth's Blacks: Images of Blacks in Eighteenth Century Art. Manchester: U of Manchester P, 1987.

Gombrich, E. H. Art and Illusion. Washington: Trustees of the National Gallery of Art, 1960.

—-. The Image and the Eye. Ithaca: Cornell UP / Phaidon, 1982.

Langer, Suzanne K. Feeling and Form. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.

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