John F. Kennedy’s inaugural address was held on January 20, 1961, at the East Portico of the United States Capitol. The speech was given under a special circumstance, used a many rhetorical devices and had a large impact from that time to nowadays on both national and international parts.
The late 1950s and early 1960s were full of crises. In the national background, Ryan Halford informs that the United States had experienced great prosperity for a long time after World War II. After about thirty years, the American economy started to recover, a credit-based boom time in U.S. history which gives out the new hope to Americans. However, the internal conflicts were still not disappearing with the economy's baby boom. Therefore, the civil rights movement grew in strength and turned to the pick. This became the urgency to solve throughout the decade. Civil rights leaders lead various acts of civil disobedience throughout the 1950s, including nonviolent marches, and boycotts.
In the international political background, the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union was started immediately after World War II. Greg Lange gives clear descriptions about the dilemma between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Notional people were paying attention to the Cuba and Berlin. United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) tried to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs in April, 1961. Fidel Castro responded to the collaboration with the Soviet Union in 1959. In July 1961, the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States became intense. They both increased defense spending. On October 28, 1961, East Germany built a five-foot-high Berlin wall which divided East and West Berlin. The nuclear weapon tests also started in both the United States and the Soviet Union that showed the relationship between the two countries was upgraded.

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