Metaphor

Definitions of Metaphor

The broadest of the tropes, a metaphor is a substitution of any dissimilar terms. It corresponds to the topos of Similarity / Dissimilarity. It is often used in place of "trope".

Simile

For our purposes, a simile is a metaphor with the comparison spelled out—the function otherwise is parallel.

"An implied comparison between two things of unlike nature that yet have something in common." [1].

Notes on Metaphor

Metaphor has been treated as a way of organizing the world since Vico first applied it to a theory of history. It is one of Kenneth Burke's "Four Master Tropes." [2] Northrop Frye (396) [3] followed Vico [4] in his discussion of the metaphorical world view, which he distinguished from the Metonymic and Descriptive world views.

Stephen Pepper [5] introduced the concept of a "root metaphor" in his work World Hypotheses, which also follows Vico in proposing a limited number of ways of organizing the world, each around a basic functional assumption about the nature of structure in the form of a root metaphor.

Examples of Metaphor and Simile

Please contribute current, striking, and enlightening examples of metaphor in public discourse here.

"My love is like a red red rose" from Robert Burns.

"You walk in and you can kind of envision your life there. It's like a first date. You know in the first 30 seconds." -Katie Couric on house hunting [6].

Sources

Metaphor Bibliography

References
1. Corbett, Edward P. J. and Robert J. Connors. Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student. 4th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 1999.
2. Burke, Kenneth. "Appendix D: Four Master Tropes." A Grammar of Motives. Berkeley: U of California P, 1969. 503-517.
3. Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957.
4. Vico, Giambattista. The New Science. Translated from the fourth edition (1744) by Thomas Goddard Bergin and Max Harold Fisch. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1948. Ebook.
5. Pepper, Stephen C. World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence. Berkeley: U of California P, 1948.
6. Kaufman, Joanne. "Katie Couric on Why House Hunting Is Like Dating." The New York Times. The New York Times, 27 Aug. 2016. Web. 28 Sept. 2016.
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